Car accidents occur everyday in Virginia. Virginia residents also pay auto insurance premiums everyday. If you have been in an auto accident, you may be entitled to insurance compensation. You should call me for a free consultation at (434) 660-9701. I am a Virginia auto accident attorney. The following is an evaluation of data from an article published by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles.

2022 Virginia Auto Accident Facts:

From 2021 to 2022 there was an increase of 1.1% of vehicles and drivers in Virgina. However, from 2021 to 2022 there was an increase of 3.8% of persons killed from an auto accident. The relation of increase of percentage of persons killed from an auto accident in light of the increase in vehicles and drivers tends to suggest that Virginia roads are becoming less safe. And, this makes sense when we take into consideration Virginia’s recent legalization regarding marijuana.[2]

Alcohol related crashes also saw an increase over the increase in percentage of drivers, in that there was an increase of 2.4% over 2021 to 2022 from alcohol related crashes. Drinking and driving can have a serious impact on a motor vehicle operators’ ability to diligently control their vehicle. It is best to not have anything to drink prior to driving. Not only was there an increase in alcohol related crashes, there was also an increase in alcohol related fatalities of 10.9%. This suggests that these types of crashes are increasing with frequency and severity.

Pedestrian related crashes represented a 5.5% increase from 2021 to 2022. This is a drastic increase. Pedestrian related fatalities represented a 36.8% increase. Maintain proper signaling and reflective gear when commuting Virginia as a pedestrian. Do not wear dark colors if traveling on a road that does not have sidewalk especially at night.

If you or a loved one has been injured in an auto accident, you should call me for a free consultation (434) 660-9701

[1] 2022 Virginia Traffic Crash Facts, https://www.dmv.virginia.gov/sites/default/files/documents/crash_facts_22.pdf

[2] Title 4.1. Alcoholic Beverage and Cannabis Control, https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title4.1/chapter11/section4.1-1100/; DeFusco & Desk, It's official: Virginia legalizes marijuana possession starting this summer, https://www.wfxrtv.com/news/regional-news/virginia-news/its-official-virginia-legalizes-marijuana-possession-starting-this-summer/

Virginia Auto Accident Attorney

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr,  BloggerReddit, YelpAvvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

Punitive Damages

In Virginia, punitive damages are damages above special damages or in layperson’s terms over and above the damages that are clearly identifiable on your medical bills. Punitive damages are above and beyond the regular damages such as medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering and, property damages. When we think of punitive damages, these are the damages that are allocated to an injured party when hear the circumstance of the injury and are shocked by the audacity. Penalty damage would be another way to refer to punitive damages. If you have been in an accident where someone was "road rageing" or drunk when they caused the accident you should call a punitive damages attorney.

Virginia Law

In Virginia, punitive damages are typically available in three sets of circumstances:

“The court has examined the cases in which the Supreme Court has found sufficient evidence of willful and wanton conduct in the operation of a motor vehicle to support submission of the issue of punitive damages to the jury. All of the cases in which the Supreme Court found a sufficient factual basis for a finding of willful and wanton conduct involving operation of a motor vehicle, involved one of three scenarios: (1) excessive use of alcohol plus very dangerous driving maneuvers; (2) acts supporting a finding that the injuries were intentionally caused or (3) the defendant creating an extremely hazardous condition contrary to specialized training.” Lovelace v. Moser, 98 Va. Cir. 315, 316 (Cir. Ct. 2018)

Punitive Damages for Drunk Driving Car Accident

Drunk Driving Accident

Drunk Driving Accident

Usually, punitive damages are generated when a tortfeasor has done something that is illegal in the commission of their tort. For example, in a car accident, this is often when a drunk driver causes an accident severely injuring a client. I have represented clients for drunk driving accidents. One of my clients, was sitting at a stop light when a drunk driver slammed into her going over 35 miles per hour. The impact caused my client severe injuries. My client was forced to go to medical treatment for several months just to be able to go to work again. Needless to say, the damages were substantial. Punitive damages were applicable because the party at-fault for the injuries was committing the crime of driving while intoxicated at the time of the accident. The at-fault party later pleaded guilty to § 18.2-266. Driving motor vehicle, engine, etc., while intoxicated, etc.

Punitive Damages for "Road Rage" Car Accident

Punitive Damages Attorney

Punitive Damages Attorney

The standard for punitive damages varies. Another one of my clients was injured in a road rage accident. The at-fault party that rearended my client was swerving at my client, flicking my client the middle finger, and generally harassing my client. Fortunately, my client got this on video otherwise we would have had a difficult time proving the road rage part of the case. Road rage is a crime and amounts to aggressive driving. The at-fault driver was guilty of Virginia Criminal offense § 46.2-868.1. Aggressive driving; penalties. The Virginia code specifically references “(ii) that person is a hazard to another person or commits an offense in clause (i) with the intent to harass, intimidate, injure or obstruct another person.”

Policy Limits for Punitive Damages

Road rage accident Lawyer

Road rage accident Lawyer

I had an additional client that initially did not report his auto accident road rage case as a road rage case to the authorities. Initially, he came to my office wanting to pursue a medical negligence case. I always provide clients or potential clients with a free consultation. While listening to my client, I realized that I could quickly help him obtain the full Uninsured Motorist Policy limits for him from his own insurance policy limits.

His circumstances where unfortunate, a road rage perpetrator was cursing at him on the road and followed him almost to his house. When he was at a stop light the road rage perpetrator rearended my client slightly. My client was forced to stop and provide the perpetrator with his information, because that is the law if you are in an auto accident. Upon exiting his vehicle and attempting to do so, my client was severely beaten up, even suffering a brain bleed. Because it was initially reported as an assault and battery and, not an auto accident injury the insurance company did a brief fact finding investigation including an examination under oath. After my clients deposition detailing the event, we were able to secure the full insurance policy limits for my client. § 18.2-57. Assault and battery; penalty

Conscious disregard for the rights of others

Virginia case law is specific on when punitive damages are available in a car accident involving an at-fault party that is far beyond the standard of mere negligence.

“In determining whether punitive damages may be considered by a jury in an automobile collision case, the trial court's inquiry is limited to ascertaining if reasonable persons could differ in their conclusion whether the defendant's negligent conduct, considered in its entirety, was so willful or wanton as to show a conscious disregard for the rights of others.” Lovelace v. Moser, 98 Va. Cir. 315, 316 (Cir. Ct. 2018).

The Standard

This standard has been repeated throughout Virginia case law. "acting consciously in disregard of another person's rights or acting with reckless indifference  to the consequences, with the defendant aware, from his knowledge of existing circumstances and conditions, that his conduct probably would cause injury to another." Griffin v. Shively, 227 Va. 317, 321, 315 S.E.2d 210, 212-13 (1984).

If you have been injured in a car accident as the result of another person’s illegal punitive conduct, you should call me for a free consultation (434) 660-9701.

Lynchburg Punitive Damages Attorney

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedIn, Tumblr,  BloggerRedditYelp, Avvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

Miranda Rights are the rights that every United States Citizen has when they interact with authorities. These are constutional rights through the 5th Amendment. They are called Miranda Rights because they were established by the United States Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona. Wherein, the Court examined four different cases where the rights of U.S. citizens were violated. In that case, the rights were judicially established as an interpretation of case law, the common law.

Vega v. Tekoh (2022)

Today, the most recent Miranda Rights case to be interpreted was Vega v. Tekoh. Wherein, a U.S. Citizens Miranda rights were violated. Subsequently, the plaintiff in the matter attempted to sue civilly for the conduct of the authorities, including the prosecutor. The question presented was, Whether a plaintiff may sue a police officer under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 based on the improper admission of an “un-Mirandized” statement in a criminal prosecution. In other words, the police prosecutor used a statement made by the defendant in a trial when the defendant should have been read his Miranda Rights first. This case is acutally a prime example of how the system establishes liability to police officers while prosecutorial conduct goes blatantly ignored.

Disagreeable analysis

The Court held that to extend a right to sue civilly would extend a cumbersome burden on the court system. The correct remedy would be for the trial court to make the correct determination and not allow the statements in the trial. In hindsight, this may seem like what should happen but, I think it places too much deference in low level trial courts that may not fully understand Miranda.

The Future

Three justices dissented in this case. I have a tendency to agree with Kagan, Breyer (retired now) and Sotomayor. Fortunately, the dissent, historically has a way of later becoming the law. The dissent points out that as in the facts of Vega v. Tekoh, a trial court may not suppress the constitutionally violating statements. Then what happens if statements that were the source of coercion, or unconstitutional police or prosecutor action results in a wrongful conviction and a U.S. Citizen ends up spending time in prison. For, what is constituionally a protected right. Most will not comprehend this or will be dissociativly indifferent practicing cognitive dissonance and so forth. What remedy do the wrongfully convicted have for the extreme harm they have suffered? §1983 should cover this.

Miranda Rights Attorney

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr,  BloggerRedditYelp,  Avvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

In Virginia, a Protective Order is typically a restraining order or Court order stating that one party cannot contact another. In other words, a court order directing two people not to have contact with each other. Usually, this also means extended family and friends. That a person cannot contact another person even through family or friends. Often, if you violate a Protective Order you will be charged with a crime. So it is highly advised you follow all the terms of a Protective Order. I am a Lynchburg Protective Order Attorney, Free Consultations (434) 660-9701

Often these Court orders or directives are sought because of abuse. Sometimes they are sought out of personal narcissism.

Virginia Restraining Order Law

Virginia Code Section § 19.2-152.10. Protective order addresses Protective Orders in Virginia. There are several types of Protective Orders.

Preliminary Protective Orders

Preliminary Protective Orders are Ex Parte Injunctions. In other words, these are hearings or filings with the court that are a likely violation of Due Process. Subsequently, the very temporary nature of the Court Orders is how the government gets away issuing them. Essentially, a preliminary protective order is one where one party went to the local Magistrate and said they want a Court order against a person.

In essence, an accused person does not even have to say or show much to get one of these. Most of the time this is made in good faith. Often though this is not made in good faith and is a narcissistic maculation of the accuser. Ex Parte hearings are hearings where the other party has not had the opportunity to be heard, not had the chance for their side of the case to be heard to the court. Stringent restraints must be imposed on any type of Ex Parte hearing.

Permanent Protective Orders

Another type of Protective Order is the Permanent Protective Order. These types of Protective Orders are ones where the accused or the person the Protective Order is sought against has had a hearing on the matter and has had a chance to have their side of the case heard. These kinds of Protective Orders are also subject to abuse. The truth is that our system of Government is a reflection of the citizenry. The citizenry is racist, and suffers from things like confirmation biased, administrative evil, cognitive dissonance, bureaucratic denial, and dehumanization, among other factors combine to cause decision makers to deny what is in front on their own two eyes. All of this is statistical. There is data on this. This is not some made up perception.

Lynchburg Protective Order Attorney

I have experience both asserting a protective orders for clients and defending them for clients. Protective Orders can have severe implications. They can allow a person to continually suffer if they are not enforced. Or, on the other hand, if there are no grounds they can allow the rights of those they are subject to be taken from them.

Protective Orders can affect your employment amongst other rights. I have seen a law enforcement officer seek to manipulate a court hearing based on her own false perceptions. In essence, If you are acting in an unobjective nature, allowing illogical conduct to affect you, you should not have a gun and a badge or be allowed to assert power on natural born U.S. Citizens. Basically, I think what those that seek to abuse their position don’t understand is that even if you are getting away with it now, flow of humanity will one day hold you accountable for your fraudulent incompetent conduct.

Conclusion

Protective Orders are subject to abuse themselves. Subsequently,  this is actually a real problem in society. There are people that seek a protective order for the wrong reasons that are unfounded. Accordingly, there is a certain percentage of the population that has faulty processes of analysis for their interpersonal existence. This would formally be known as a “crazy person,” today we say “mental health.” If you are seeking a protective order or are defending one, you should call me for a free consultation I am a Lynchburg Virginia Protective Order hearing attorney (434) 660-9701

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr,  BloggerRedditYelp,  Avvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

Premises Liability Cases in Virginia

Virginia is not a plaintiff’s friendly Commonwealth.Consequently, Virginia is a commonwealth where contributory negligence applies. Essentially, where a plaintiff has contributed to their own injury, it may be a complete bar to any recovery. That said, you should take advantage of a free consultation from an Attorney (434) 660-9701. Often clients will take advantage of a free consultation not knowing they have a claim for compensation. Clients have called before when they have a claim for compensation for something they did not contemplate. Lynchburg Slip and Fall Attorney

Slip and Fall Cases in Virginia

There are several factors that go into whether an injured party has a claim for compensation with regards to a premises liability case or slip and fall case. The court will examine several factors in order to determine if the case will even make it to a jury.

It is well established in Virginia that “store owners must maintain reasonably safe facilities for their invitees” or patrons. Specifically, the storeowner “owes an invitee the duty of using ordinary care to maintain its premises in a reasonably safe condition and to warn…of any hidden dangers.”

Courts Analysis:

Dangerous Condition:

“The plaintiff in a premises liability case must prove the existence of and unsafe or dangerous condition on the premises.” For example, “Virginia courts have typically recognized that certain conditions are unsafe as a matter of course, such as a wet or slippery substance on the floor of the premises, or the presence of an unexpected object lying on the floor."

Knowledge:

"To recover against the owner, an injured invitee must show that the owner had knowledge, actual or constructive, that a defect existed and that such defect created an unsafe condition.":

    1. Actual knowledge, or: Actual knowledge is exactly that, that the storeowner knew the condition was dangerous and did nothing about it.
    2. Constructive knowledge: "Constructive knowledge or notice of a defective condition of a premise ... may be shown by evidence that the defect was noticeable and had existed for a sufficient length of time to charge its possessor with notice of its defective condition." Furthermore, "if the evidence fails to show when a defect occurred on the premises, the plaintiff has not made out a prima facie case."

Proximate Cause:

"A plaintiff must show why and how the incident happened.... If the cause of the event is left to conjecture, guess, or random judgment, the plaintiff cannot recover. The general rule in Virginia is that a plaintiff must, in order to establish a defendant's negligence, prove why and how the incident happened; if the cause of the event is left to conjecture, guess, or random judgment, the plaintiff cannot recover. Negligence cannot be presumed from the mere happening of an accident.... The evidence produced must prove more than a probability of negligence and any inferences therefrom must be based on facts, not presumptions."

Contributory Negligence:

The Plaintiff must not have contributed to their own injury.

Conclusion

Virginia Law on Premises Liability cases have a strict standard. The Court will set aside verdicts on a broad standard. This includes that if the verdict was based on as “the result of surmise, speculation and conjecture." If you have been injured on someone else’s property, you may be entitled to compensation and you should call me for a free consultation (434) 660-9701.

It must be noted that all of the quoted information is from Virginia Case Jefferson v. Kroger, L.P. I, 2014 (United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division November 3, 2014, Filed). This case is still good law as of the date of posting this article.

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitter, LinkedInTumblrBloggerRedditYelpAvvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

What is Discvoery? Discovery is essentially the evidence. Discovery is the process of gathering the evidence and information that can later be used at trial. Often, at the end of discovery, the case will settle. This is because at the end of discovery we know what the evidence will likely show and what a verdict will most likely look like.

Criminal Proceeding:

In criminal cases, depending on your state, the discovery process may be different. For example, in some states criminal defendants are permitted to depose the arresting officers and witnesses. In other states they are not permitted to depose the witnesses or it is typically not allowed.

Civil Proceeding:

Civil discovery is usually large amounts of information gathering. For example, in a car accident case the insurance companies defense attorney’s usually request all sorts of information in order to get an amount they are willing to offer in settlement. This can be positive or negative for the case, it just all depends on the facts.

Discovery Motions:

In criminal cases in Virginia, there are discovery motions. Some are to compel the government to provide to the defense what the government intends on using at trial. Some localities use a form of “open” discovery. However, a lawyer will likely want to get a discovery order anyway soo that the government cannot spring anything on them at the last minute. For example, the any evidence that may be used in a criminal case, a criminal defendant will likely want to use a private investigator or expert witness to review the evidence and inquire into the credibility of the evidence.

In civil cases, discovery motions are usually motions to compel discovery, motion to protect certain kinds of discovery and motions for extensions of time to respond to discovery. These are the most common kinds of discovery motions.

I have experience with both civil and criminal discovery motions. You should call me for a free consultation (434) 660-9701

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblrBlogger, RedditYelpAvvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

What is a Deposition? A deposition is typically when a lawyer asks a witness a series of questions prior to or out of court, wherein a court reporter is present and recording the entire statement. This is for the purpose of later being used at trial or in a court hearing. If you have an upcoming Deposition, you should call me for a free consultation (434) 660-9701 Depending on your state, a deposition can either be in a Criminal or Civil proceeding.

Civil:

In Civil Law, a party is usually permitted to take depositions of other parties and witnesses. The transcripts or sometimes even video recorded depositions are later be played to a jury. This Often, depositions in Civil proceedings are used for the purposes of settlement. Civil proceedings are usually primarily about money damages. Sometimes they can be about more then money damages like, injunctions.

Criminal:

Virginia does not typically have criminal proceeding depositions. Florida does though. In Florida, your criminal defense attorney is permitted to depose the police officer prior to trial. In Virginia this is not allowed. Virginia does however, have preliminary hearing wherein the arresting officer is usually called to testify, in which case this can be recorded or transcribed by a court reporter.

Deposition Attorney:

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a YoutubeInstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr, BloggerReddit, Yelp, Avvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

What is Bail? Chapter 9 of the Code of Virginia deals with Bail and Recognizances. The 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution provides no excessive bail. Accordingly, "Bail" means the pretrial release of a person from custody upon those terms and conditions specified by order of an appropriate judicial officer. Also, "Bond" means the posting by a person or his surety of a written promise to pay a specific sum, secured or unsecured, ordered by an appropriate judicial officer as a condition of bail to assure performance of the terms and conditions contained in the recognizance. Consequently, if you been arrested, you should call me I am Criminal Justice system Attorney.

Bail/Bond Hearings:

There are many factors that go into representing someone for a bail or bond hearing. Often, the court will consider:

  1. The Place of Birth.
  2. The ties to the community, including the length of time he or she has lived at the current and former addresses, current contact information, family relationships, immigration status (if applicable), employment record and history, date of birth, and social security number.
  3. The physical and mental health, educational and armed services records.
  4. The immediate medical needs, including chemical dependency treatment.
  5. The past criminal record, if any, including adult criminal convictions and juvenile adjudications and prior record of court appearances or failure to appear in court, counsel should also determine whether the accused has any pending charges, whether they are on probation or parole and past or present performance under supervision.
  6. Current immigration status and immigration history.
  7. The ability of the client to meet any financial conditions of release.
  8. The names of individuals or other sources that counsel can contact to verify the client’s provided information (counsel should consult with the client before contacting these individuals).
  9. Other such information necessary to determine potential exposure under the sentencing guidelines.
  10. Any necessary information waivers or releases that will assist the client’s defense.

Court Hearing:

The factors above must be properly argued to the court in order for the court to consider whether it will allow pretrial release from custody. These factors are not independent, often the court will consider all of them. In sum, they are interdependent, each relating to the other to form an assurance to the court that an accused will return when called and address the accusations against them. Subsequently, where a detained citizen may not have a favorable factor for one argument they may have a good argument regarding another factor.

Presumption in favor of Pretrial Release:

The presumption in Virginia is in favor of pretrial release. The Virginia Legislature repealed Va Code 19.2-120 (B) -Rebuttable Presumption Against Bail. Therefore, there is a presumption in favor of pretrial release. This is because if you find yourself in custody your employment and other life obligations will likely be destroyed. The Government must be required to prove their case before taking from citizens. This is a basic due process right that is afforded every United States Citizen.

There are horror stories of U.S. Citizens being detained by the government for years prior to trial and later being exonerated of the reason for the arrest in the first place. The truth is that any amount of detention is likely to destroy a citizen’s life. This is something that must not be allowed without real proper cause. In reality, an authority figure can easily engage in their own narssasitic maculation without actual cause to arrest a citizen. This is a crime against humanity and does happen more often than those in power would like to admit.

Criminal Justice System Attorney

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a Youtube InstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr, BloggerReddit,  YelpAvvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

A few years ago I was blessed with the opportunity to fly the Cessna 172 to Bimini, Bahamas. I was a private pilot working on my instrument rating, now I am a Flight Instructor. Approaching Bimini to land was one of the most rewarding experiences in my aviation adventure. Consequently, my point of departure was Jacksonville, Florida. I took a 1980’s model Cessna 172 equipped with a Garmin GTN 650 to the Bahamas. Aviation Lawyer

Aviation Lawyer

Aviation Lawyer: Photo of the old girl we took to Bimini, Bahamas

The trip was awesome. We left Jacksonville Florida refueled as we headed down the Florida coast. Eventually, we saw the Nasa complex where they house the launch vehicles. You can see that building from the air, it is noticeable and massive.

Airplane Lawyer

Airplane Lawyer: Photo Departing Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Top Off Tanks.

Our last point of departure before heading to Bimini, Bahamas was Fort Lauderdale, Florida. There is no fuel at Bimini Airport so you will want to top off your tanks before you cross the 49 miles of water separating Florida and Bimini.

Pilot Attorney

Pilot Attorney: Waiting for takeoff

Busy Airspace

When we took off from Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, because of the airspace Air Traffic Control kept us below 1200 Feet. South Florida is some of the busiest airspace in the country and there is a lot going on. A few miles off the coast of Florida we were able ascend as I was given the “altitude your discretion” clearance. Realistically though, you can see Bimini From the coast of Florida right after departure. Its not that far. And, on a clear day you can see it.

Aircraft Attorney

Aircraft Attorney: Inbound to Bimini Bahamas

While crossing the water we saw a lot of little boats buzzing around the water below. It was a beautiful day and everyone was out. On approach to Bimini, the water looked very clear. You could see the bottom of the lagoons. It was soo pretty. The landing was smooth also, I was surprised because the winds were over 20 knots on landing. Which is a bit extra for a Cessna 172. I think because the winds that are in the Islands are ocean winds they don’t really changed direction much and are steady one direction winds that are not creating a bunch of turbulence.

Aviation Lawyer

Aviation Lawyer: Departing Bimini

Landing Fee

Upon landing we had to pay a landing fee to the Bahama government authorities at the airport. Consequently, if I recall correctly, this was a $50.00 fee per-person. Their airport is a small operation. Approximately three or four employess appeared to be working.

Pilot Lawyer

Pilot Lawyer

There was a neat airplane bone yard there that we checked out. It appears that a lot of these airplanes were abandoned. This is likely because there are few services at the Bimini Airport. It is an island and they don't even have fuel soo and potential airplane break down would require the extra expense of importing parts from the mainland. Not to mention the facilities are limited.

Airplanes

Airplanes

After our stay for an evening we headed back to Jacksonville, Florida. Consequently, there were some high winds expected on departure out of Bimini soo we woke up pretty early to leave. As the atmosphere heats up with the sunrise, the winds tend to increase. Heat is the source of most weather on earth, the sun.

Airplane Attorney

Airplane Attorney: Fort Lauderdale Beach

International Flight Requirements: Aviation Lawyer

1. Letter from the Owner

In order to fly a Cessna 172 internationally, you must be sure it has several qualifications. First, you will need a letter from the owner providing you permission. This is just a one page document signed by the owner, nothing extravagent or complex. You should keep this letter in the airplane while you are in international territory. Subsequently, this letter serves the purpose of letting any local authorities know that you have permission to use the plane. This is because, if you are not the actual owner the local authorities may detain you until they can prove permission from the owner.

2. Size of the Indentifier:

Another modification that must be made to the airplane is that you must have the call sign letters and numbers on the side of the airplane larger then 12 inches. This is because in the United States not all tail numbers and letters are that large on Cessna’s. My FBO had to make this modification before my departure.

Example:

Lynchburg Virginia

Lynchburg Virginia

3. Life Jackets:

Also, you should have life jackets in the plane. This is because you will be flying over water and it is wise to have life jackets and, if you are flying for hire then it is required. This is because, you power off gliding distance will not all you to make it back to shore if the engine goes out. If there is an engine out scenario, you are going to want life jackets in order to survive until the coast guard can come get you. Realistically, on most days if you are crossing from Fort Lauderdale, Florida to Bimini, Bahamas there are a lot of private boaters in that area. It is unlikely if you did go down, that you would be in the water for long.

Lynchburg Virginia

Lynchburg Virginia

4. U.S. Customs Decal:

Another requirement is that you will need a customs stamp. This is a decal stamp issued by the United States Customs and Border Protection that goes on the side of your airplane. Pften, upon arrival back in the U.S. they check this. In Conclusion, If you have an aviation issue, you should call me I am an Aviation Lawyer.

Aviation Lawyer

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a Youtube InstagramFacebookTwitter, LinkedInTumblrBloggerRedditYelp,  Avvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

 

 

 

I was once flying an airplane when the entire electrical system went out. This was in Florida. In hindsight, it was good experience. Later, it was determined that the airplane had fuse and alternator problems. They had to replace the alternator, which unfortunately grounded the airplane for weeks.

Myself and my instructor were at approximately one thousand feet on the up wind when the entire electrical system went out in our 1980’s model Cessna 172. When the electrical system in a Cessna 172 fails, the engine keeps running because it has several redundancy’s in the engine for incidents like this. However, the whole panel, radios and everything but the engine will turn off. Fortunately, it was a good weather day.

One of the other concerns when the electrical system in an Airplane fails is losing communications with Air Traffic Control or the Tower. Fortunately, we did not lose contact with tower as I carry with me a handheld ICom radio just in case. If you are a pilot, it is a good idea to carry a spare radio especially if you are flying older airplanes.

Aviation Attorney

Aviation Attorney

The avionics in the airplane was a very nice Garmin 650 touch screen. For those that are not pilots, the avionics in an airplane is an important consideration when flying. The avionics are the instruments and navigational systems. Like everything in aviation, the avionics can be extremely expensive.

After the incident, the airplane was grounded for weeks. Consequently, this was the most stressful part of the entire event. This was because I was nearing the check ride for an instrument rating. Having only a lesson or two left. This was the airplane I had done most of my training in. When it went down for a few weeks, this in turn caused a delay in my training, the check ride and, moving to the next step in my aviation adventure.

Fortunately, I was able to complete my instrument rating in the airplane. My check ride was a whole other story. The designated pilot examiner that did my check ride had himself a great time on my check ride. At the end of my check ride, as we were heading back, he asked to take the controls saying he never gets to fly these Cessna 172’s anymore. That was the closest I have ever gotten to redline speed in a Cessna 172. The never exceed speed.

Aviation Attorney

Chris White Lawyer, LLC. is a Lynchburg, Virginia Law Firm. Available for consultations in person, via Facetime, Skype, Zoom or phone (434) 660-9701. Please also check out my practice areas in Criminal Defense Attorney and Car Accidents. At my Law Firm we focus on the best result for the client. To stay connected I have a Youtube InstagramFacebookTwitterLinkedInTumblr, BloggerReddit, YelpAvvo and Justia.

Chris White lawyer, LLC

Cellphone: (434) 660-9701

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

700 12th St, Lynchburg, VA 24504

Available with appointment (434) 660-9701:

100 Tradewynd Dr. Lynchburg, VA 24502

 

 

 

 

 

 

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